What is the difference between Parti, Pied and White markings?

All of these are names used to identify a dog which has a white as well as colour in its coat.

  • “Particolour” can be taken two different ways. First it is the broad and general term for any Havanese which has a coat of one or more colour(s) + any degree of white. Secondly, the name is sometimes used to designate a more specific pattern of colour/white where a dog is more than 50% white with irregular patches of one or more colours.  
  • “Irish Pied”, “Pied” or “Irish” are all terms that identify a particular coat pattern. A pied dog is mostly coloured (at least 50%). White markings appear in specific areas of chin, chest, feet, belly and tail tip. The dog will also have a full or partial white collar and may or may not have a white star or blaze on the face. The coloured portions of the dog are on the head, neck and body. The body colour appears like a cape or matle covering a large expanse of the back and sides. An Irish Pied dog is more or less dark on top and white on the bottom.  The extent of the markings gives many variations.
  • “White Markings”, sometimes also called “white trim” indicates a dog with only a small extent of white areas on the coat.  A dog with white markings will be mostly coloured and will have only small touches of white, perhaps a white star or blaze, a white chin, a spot or patch on the chest or belly and/or one or more white toes or feet.  
  • Some registries have individual registration choices for each of these variations, others do not. Canada does not at this time. The registration choice may be “colour and white”.  This identifies that the dog has defined areas of both colour as well white on the coat, it also identifies what the colour is but does not further specify the extent of white.